There are so many amazing rivers flowing in cities, towns, villages, and remote areas around the world. These rivers often play an important role in the lives of people living near them. Rivers are important for transport, recreation, and fishing. The particular role of each river has changed over the centuries, particularly because of human activities in building new civilizations but also because of natural changes in climate. Some of the rivers looked at here are massive; some are very dazzling and magnificent. These natural water bodies are wonderful for the people of the Earth, but they are also life-giving to plants and animals of water, land, and air.
The Nile River
The best place to start is with the longest river on Earth. The Nile River is massive. It is found in the North, East, and Central Regions of Africa. It measures 4,132 miles and consists of the Blue Nile and White Nile, its two main tributaries. The Blue Nile originates in Ethiopia at Lake Tana, while the White Nile begins in Central Africa in the Great Lakes region. The Nile flows into the Mediterranean Sea.
One of the oldest and most advanced human civilizations, the Ancient Egyptian kingdom, relied heavily on the Nile River for a lot of their physical and even spiritual needs. These people were big on agriculture, fishing, and developing transportation systems, and the Nile River allowed them to do all of these activities and more and flourish. For agriculture, the Nile not only provides water for irrigation, but it also brings sediments that make the land fertile for the production of wheat and other crops. The Nile is still significant to Egyptian culture today.
The Amazon River
Next is the second longest river on Earth. The Amazon River measures about 4,000 miles. In terms of volume, the Amazon River is considered the longest river on the planet. This is because as much as 20 percent of the freshwater river flow in the world comes from this river. The Amazon River and its tributaries flow through several different nations in South America – namely Bolivia, Peru, Colombia, Venezuela, Brazil, and Ecuador. From there, the voluminous river then flows to the Atlantic Ocean.
One of the highlights about the Amazon is the amount of biodiversity it contains. Over 3,000 species of fish call this great river home. One can only guess how many more are going to be named as researchers continue their work to classify all the species. The Amazon River Dolphin is the widest of all river dolphins and is found in the Amazon and Orinoco Rivers. It can be as long as 8.5 feet. Bull shark and the deadly Piranha fish are other examples of more well-known species in the Amazon.
The Yangtze River
The Yangtze River is the longest river in China and the third longest river on the planet. It measures about 3,915 miles. It is also one of the most famous rivers, and for good reasons. It runs through some very beautiful terrain. The Yangtze starts off in the Tibetan plateau in an iceberg section on the eastern side. It moves through to the Yangtze Gorges. These have remarkable natural beauty. The river flows into the East China Sea.
The largest hydro-electric energy station on the planet is found along the Yangtze River at the Three Gorges Dam. Additionally, the Yangtze has a very active waterway. There is a hive of activities as commuter traffic and the commercial movement of raw materials and finished goods pass along the river.
There are so many other great rivers around the world that have unique roles and descriptions. These natural bodies of water hold life and history. The human race has a role to play in preserving this.